Real Estate

REAL ESTATE INDUSTRY

Real estate refers to producing, buying and selling real estate.

TYPES OF REAL ESTATE

Residential Real Estate

It includes both new construction and resale homes. The most common category is single-family homes. There are also condominiums, co-ops, townhouses, duplexes, triple-deckers, quad lexes, high-value homes, multi-generational and vacation homes.

Commercial Real Estate

It includes shopping centers and strip malls, medical and educational buildings, hotels and offices. Apartment buildings are often considered commercial, even though they are used for residences. That’s because they are owned to produce income.

Industrial Real Estate

It includes manufacturing buildings and property, as well as warehouses. The buildings can be used for research, production, storage, and distribution of goods. Some buildings that distribute goods are considered commercial real estate. The classification is important because the zoning, construction, and sales are handled differently.

Land

Land typically refers to undeveloped property and vacant land. Developers acquire land and combine it with other properties (called assembly) and rezone it so they can increase the density and increase the value of the property. The subcategories within vacant land include undeveloped, early development or reuse, subdivision and site assembly.

REAL ESTATE SERVICES

Development

Real estate development is a process that involves the purchase of raw land, rezoning, construction and renovation of buildings, and sale or lease of the finished product to end users. Developers earn a profit by adding value to the land (creating buildings or improvements, rezoning, etc.) and taking the risk of financing a project. Development firms create a new product, which can be thought of as the “primary market” or generation of new inventory.

 Sales and marketing

Sales and marketing firms work with developers to sell the buildings and units they create. These firms earn a commission for creating all marketing material and using their sales agents to sell the inventory of completed units. These firms typically focus on new units.

 Brokerage

A real estate brokerage is a firm that employs a team of real estate agents (realtors) who help facilitate a transaction between the buyers and sellers of property. Their job is to represent either party and help them achieve a purchase or sale with the best possible terms.

 Property management

Property management firms help real estate owners rent out the units in their buildings. Their jobs include collecting rent, showing units, fixing deficiencies, performing repairs, and managing tenants. They charge a fee, typically a percentage of the rent, to property owners.

 Real estate lending

Lenders play a major role in the industry as virtually all properties and developments use leverage (debt) to finance their business. Lenders can include banks, credit unions, private lenders, and government institutions.

 Professional services

There are a variety of real estate professionals who work in the industry and help make it function. The most common examples (other than the ones listed above) are accountants, lawyers, interior designers, stagers, general contractors, construction workers, and tradespeople.

Diversified REITs

A company or Trust with significantly diversified operations across two or more property types.


Industrial REITs

Companies or Trusts engaged in the acquisition, development, ownership, leasing, management and operation of industrial properties. Includes companies operating industrial warehouses
and distribution properties.


Hotel & Resort REITs

Companies or Trusts engaged in the acquisition, development, ownership, leasing, management and operation of hotel and resort properties.


Office REITs

Companies or Trusts engaged in the acquisition, development, ownership, leasing, management and operation of office properties.


Health Care REITs

Companies or Trusts engaged in the acquisition, development, ownership, leasing, management and operation of properties serving the health care industry, including hospitals, nursing homes, and assisted living properties.


Residential REITs

Companies or Trusts engaged in the acquisition, development, ownership, leasing, management and operation of residential properties including multifamily homes, apartments, manufactured homes and student housing properties.


Retail REITs

Companies or Trusts engaged in the acquisition, development, ownership, leasing, management and operation of shopping malls, outlet malls, neighbourhood and community shopping centers.


Specialized REITs

Companies or Trusts engaged in the acquisition, development, ownership, leasing, management and operation of properties not classified elsewhere. Includes trusts that operate and invest in storage properties. It also includes REITs that do not generate a majority of their revenues and income from real estate rental
and leasing operations.

 

 

 


Real Estate
Management &
Development


Diversified Real Estate
Activities

Companies engaged in a diverse spectrum of real estate activities including real estate development & sales, real estate
management, or real estate services, but with no dominant
business line.

 

Real Estate Operating
Companies

Companies engaged in operating real estate properties for the purpose of leasing & management.


 

Real Estate Development

Companies that develop real estate and sell the properties after development.


Real Estate
Management &
Development


Diversified Real Estate
Activities

Companies engaged in a diverse spectrum of real estate activities including real estate development & sales, real estate
management, or real estate services, but with no dominant
business line.

 

Real Estate Operating
Companies

Companies engaged in operating real estate properties for the purpose of leasing & management.

 

Real Estate Development

Companies that develop real estate and sell the properties after development.

 

Real Estate Services

Real estate service providers such as real estate agents, brokers
& real estate appraisers.

 

Tender Categories

Services

Description

Real Estate & Brokerage Services

Real estate agents, Brokers
Real estate appraisers (Buying & Selling)

Real Estate Management

Leasing, Collecting rent, Showing units, Fixing deficiencies, Performing repairs, and Managing tenants

Property & Land Development

Purchase of raw land, Rezoning, Construction and Renovation of buildings

Architecture

Designing of Buildings